DAY 3: TUESDAY 8th SEPTEMBER 1999

The Monday/Tuesday overnight stop was at the Hôtel Le Vauban (32, Place du General de Gaulle) in Montreiul-sur-Mer (although despite the name it is now actually some miles from the sea!), and in the morning we went for a walk around the walls of the medieval old town. We then headed for Dieppe, stopping en route at Le Crotoy, the port on the Somme Estuary from which William the Conqueror departed for England in 1066.

The walls at Montreuil-sur-Mer. Memorial to William the Conqueror at Le Crotoy.
Just to the North-East of Dieppe, in the shadow of a modern nuclear power station, a shingle beach lies beneath cliffs atop which is sits the village of Berneval-sur-Mer. On 19 August 1942, the Allies launched Operation Jubilee, a "reconnaissance in force" to test the German defences at Dieppe with a frontal assault on the port. On the left flank, a small attack was also made by No. 3 (Army) Commando on the German battery at Berneval, while on the right flank, No. 4 Commando targetted another strongpoint at Varengeville-sur-Mer. At the end of the day, only No. 4 Commando were wholely successful in acheiving their objective, although while not destroying the Berneval battery, the members of No. 3 Commando who did manage to scale the cliffs and attack it probably succeeded in distracting the gunners from the main fleet.  Even so, out of 6,000 men of the 2nd Canadian Division, 4,300 were either killed, wounded, or captured in the main attack on Dieppe.
Today, the only sign of this action is a memorial to No. 3 Commando above a winding track down to the beach at Berneval. Even with the emplacements and obstacles long-since removed, when one stands on the shingle, looking up at the sheer cliffs, with only two narrow points of exit, one can appreciate the obstacles the commandos faced. Nevertheless, lessons were learnt here that would save many times the same number of casualties in Normandy two years later, in particular that any attempt to capture intact a deep water port was doomed to failure, so other alternatives had to be devised....
Memorial to No. 3 Commando at Berneval-sur-Mer. The cliffs from the beach. The memorial is at the top of the cutting on the right.
Reaching Dieppe in the late afternoon, we had a fun time negotiating the town's tortuous one-way system, and it took several attempts to actually get the car in front of the cheap-and-cheerful Tourist Hôtel (16, rue de la Halle au Ble)! Even more time-consuming was later trying to find a restaurent which didn't seem to serve just seafood....

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23/11/99 First upload
18/01/00 Minor corrections
07/02/01 Index added