City on Fire

During the Second World War Kingston upon Hull spent more than 1,000 hours under air-raid alerts and was the target of the first daylight raid of the war and the last piloted air raid on Britain. The city was vulnerable because it was a port and industrial centre close to mainland Europe and situated on an estuary, which made it easy to find. The result of this was that Hull was the most severely damaged town or city in the country during the war, 95 per cent of its houses being damaged or destroyed.

City on Fire examines the air raids on Hull, the industries and infrastructure the raids targeted, how effective they were, the effects on the civilian population, the stories of some of the Civil Defence and rescue workers, how the raids were censored in the media at the time and the use of deception measures to try and protect the city. The book will also look at the aftermath of the war and the reconstruction of Hull.

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W H Smith


EXPLORE FURTHER

Official Report of the Air Raid on Hull of 18 July 1941


ERRATUM

Page 17, footnote 11 (page 119):

URL is now https://catalog.princeton.edu/catalog/6865511.

Page 93:

"The total number of named deaths due to War Operations in Hull recorded by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) numbers 1,171 1,180. This includes fifteen twenty members of the armed services, and five of the Merchant Navy (four as civilian deaths, one as a service death)."
"In contrast there are no civilians in the CWGC's records who cannot be reconciled with a death registration, either in Hull (1,148 1,160), Holderness (13), or elsewhere (8 7)."
[Four civilians deaths due to War Operations added to CWGC register after MS was completed, and five service deaths not previously confirmed as due to War Operations, as per Addendum below]

"One is female, three male, and two indeterminate; three are aged zero, one being a known air raid casualty."
[All are now known to be non-War Operations deaths, while the death of the known infant air raid casualty does not actually appear to have been registered]

"1 November 1940
Trotter, Max Frank - AFS Fireman (28) - assumed injured, died 04/11/1940 at BRI"
[Confirmed as injured ("Woman Killed in N.E. Raid," Hull Daily Mail, 01/11/1940, page 1, columns 6-7)]

Page 94:

"8 March 1941
Florence, George Kenneth (26) non air-raid death - exact cause unknown Found lockpit end of Alexandra Dock on stated date, cause of death War Operations, no further details
[As per death certificate]

Page 97:

"Bush, Elizabeth (husband wife, 82)
    Bush, John William (wife husband, 75)"
[Relationships transposed in error]

Page 98:

"Gardner, John (husband, 60)"
[Age missing in error]

"Guy, Annie Elizabeth (wife, 78)
    Guy, Arthur (a.k.a. Freeman, husband, 69)"
[Previously listed separately and not linked; CWGC records Arthur's surname as Freeman, a.k.a. Guy, while death registration is Freeman; birth and marriage registrations suggest Guy is correct, but unclear why Freeman is recorded]

Page 98:

"8 May 1941 - raid unknown
Pockley, William - American citizen (48) - injured, died 25 August 1942 at ARI"
[CWGC records died on May 1941; death certificate states died 25 August 1942 at 188 Anlaby Road, i.e. Anlaby Road Institution]

Page 107:

"1 November 1941 1940
Markham, Annie Elizabeth (60)"
[Correct year confirmed by death certificate; CWGC records 1941 in error]


ADDENDUM

Page 93:

"22 March 1941
Wilson, Gladys Edith (24)"
[Injured by falling masonry dislodged by barrage balloon. Added to CWGC register 31/08/2017.]

Page 95:

"30 March 1941
Davis, Bryan (8)"
[Injured by explosion of discarded bomb. Added to CWGC register 26/04/2017.]

"31 March/1 April 1941
Bills, Robert - Private, 1 Royal Scots (22) Buried in Hull Northern Cemetery (Compt. 201. Grave 12)"
[Death certificate states body found 2 April 1941, Freehold Street]
Johnstone, John Bell - Private, 1 Royal Scots (23) Buried in Lockerbie (Dryfesdale) Cemetery (North Extn. Grave 840.)"
[Death certificate states body found 31 March 1941, Prospect Street]

Page 97:

"7/8 May 1941
Loughborough, Ellen (mother, 50)
    Loughborough, Ada (daughter, 24)"
[Added to CWGC register 13/05/2017]

Page 99:

"8/9 May 1941
Howard, Gordon Lionel - Aircraftsman 2nd Class, RAF Volunteer Reserve (19) - injured, died 9 May BRH; Buried in Stockport Borough Cemetery (Sec. O.N. Grave 228.)"
[May have been injured on 7/8 or 8/9 May 1941]
Woods, William Henry - Gunner, 245 Battery, 78 Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery (45) - injured, died 9 May 1941 BRH; Buried in Glenfield (St. Peter) Churchyard (Grave 367.)"
[May have been injured on 7/8 or 8/9 May 1941]

Page 101:

"10/11 May 1941
"Devine, William - Aircraftsman 2nd Class, RAF Volunteer Reserve (19) - injured, died 10 May 1941 BRH; Glasgow (St. Kentigern's) Roman Catholic Cemetery (Sec. 3. Grave 1670.)"
[May have been injured on 7/8 or 8/9 May 1941]


PAGE HISTORY:

29/11/17

First upload

15/06/19

Erratum

16/06/19

Erratum & addendum

17/06/19

Erratum & addendum

20/06/19

Correction

12/07/19

Correction